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Information about TRNC

Famous for its perfect climate and warm people in the Mediterranean, Northern Cyprus is one of the most beautiful islands that unite 3 continents. It is a complete tourism paradise with its clean beaches and unique nature.  As described in the legend, Caesar's giving this island to Cleopatra to prove his love to her.   

Archaeological excavations revealed settlements belonging to the Neolithic period dating back to 7000 BC. From the remains found, it is understood that the first people who settled in Cyprus came from Mesopotamia and Anatolia, engaged in agriculture and domesticated animals. The groups that came after 6000 BC, brought the art of clay works including pots, jugs and cups. One of the two settlements unearthed from this period is the Vrisi ruins on the North coast, 10 km east of Kyrenia, and the other is the remains called Kirokitia, between Limassol and Nicosia.

 Larger settlements belonging to the Bronze Age emerged. The abundance of copper, which is the most important raw material of bronze tools, on the island of Cyprus has led to the development of copper processing and trading centers in the region. The ruins of Enkomi in the north-east of Famagusta are the remains of a modern and rich town that developed in this age. Since 2000 BC, the history of Cyprus has witnessed the invasion of the nearby regional powers in order to gain the strategic location of the island and rich copper resources. The different cultures brought by these invasions made the Cyprus island a land of historical remains and artifacts.


Chronological Cyprus History:

7000 – 3000 BC

New Stone Age

3000 – 1450 BC

Bronze Age

1450 – 700 BC

Egyptian Period

700 – 545 BC

Assyrian Period

545 – 345 BC

Persian Period

345 – 290 BC

Hellenistic Period

290 – 58 BC

Ptolemaic Period

58 BC – 395 AD

Roman Period

395 – 1190

Byzantine Period

1190 – 1191

British Period

1191 – 1489

Lusignan Period

1489 – 1570

Venetian Period

1570 – 1878

Ottoman Period

1878 – 16.08.1960

British Period

16.08.1960 – 21.12.1963

Republic of Cyprus

21.12.1963 – 27.12.1967

Turkish Cypriot General Committee - Greek Cypriot Administration

27.12.1967 – 01.10.1974 

Temporary Turkish Cypriot Administration - Greek Cypriot Administration

01.10.1974 – 13.02.1975

Turkish Cypriot Administration - Greek Cypriot Administration

13.02.1975 – 15.11.1983

Turkish Federated State of Cyprus - Greek Cypriot Administration


Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus - Greek Cypriot Administration